THEORY OF THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE:
1.- NAUTICAL NOMENCLATURE: Hull Denominations, Structure, Anchoring Equipment, Rudder, Helix, Dimensions and Terminology.
2.- MOORING AND ANCHORING ELEMENTS: Mooring elements, knots and anchoring.
3.-SECURITY AT SEA: Stability, Checks before going to sea, Socks on board in bad weather, Electrical thunderstorms, Low visibility, Shallow waters, Safety equipment, Man overboard, Towing and Maritime Rescue.
4.- LEGISLATION: Rules that affect pleasure craft, limitations on navigation, divers and bathers, pollution prevention, National Pavilion, Salvage and Protection of natural spaces.
5.- BALLIZATION: IALA regulations.
6.- INTERNATIONAL REGULATION TO PREVENT ABORDAJES IN THE SEA.
7.- MANEUVER AND NAVIGATION: Mooring, Government with rod or wheel, Maneuvers.
8.- EMERGENCIES AT SEA: Personal accidents, involuntary stranded, boarding, waterways and flooding, fire prevention and explosions and abandonment of the vessel.
9.- METEOROLOGY: Importance of weather in the safety of navigation, atmospheric pressure, temperature, squalls and anticyclones, wind, coastal breezes, Fecht.
10.- NAVIGATION THEORY: Earth Sphere, Mercatorian Cards, Nautical Publications, Distance and Speed Unit, Magnetic Declination, Nautical Needle, Total Correction, Directions, Position Lines, Marking, Navigation Aids, Tides, Wind and Current ( single concept).
11.- NAVIGATION LETTER: Coordinates, Distances and Directions, Total correction, True and Needle bearing, Situation due to real delays and Markings, Tides.
Duration of the theoretical Course: 25 hours (10 classes of 2.5 hours)
Does not include administrative fees.
PROGRAM OF BASIC SAFETY AND NAVIGATION PRACTICES
PATRON OF RECREATIONAL VESSELS PER
(RD 875/2014 of October 10)
DURATION: 16 HOURS IN BOAT.
1.- SECURITY AND CHECKS BEFORE LEAVING THE SEA:
- Security Material: Life jackets, pyrotechnics, lifebuoy, fog horn and heliograph. Bilge pumps. First aid kit on board
- Checks before leaving to the sea: critical points of the boat, fuel, water and accoutrements. Batteries Documentation on board.
2.- PLANNING OF THE DEFEAT AND FIGHT AGAINST AIDS:
- Planning the Defeat: Weather forecast and state of the sea, tides; twelfth rule. Checking the chart of the area to be navigated, shallow waters. Prevention of dizziness and importance of correct stowage.
- Fire Fighting: Fuel of the boat, use of flames and lighters on board, accumulation of rags, grease, fuel. Gas detector. Fire extinguishers, their location and operation. Fire extinguishing types, fire in cabin and on deck.
3.- MOTORS AND ELECTRICAL INTALATION:
- Engines: Check opening of the sea inlets. Levels of oil, coolant. Fuel filter and decanter. Salt water filter. Consumption and engine speed. Calculation of navigable distance based on fuel, and sea state. Fuel reserve. Outboard, peculiarities and deadlock. Heating alarms. Check cooling pump.
- Electrical installation: Batteries, types and maintenance. Prevention of humidity. Distribution panel. The alternator. Battery charger. Battery discrimination. Consumption on board and types of current on board. Solar plates, wind generators.
4.- MAINTENANCE OF THE BOAT. PREVENTION OF POLLUTION AND CABUYERIA:
- Maintenance of the boat and prevention of contamination: Vessel materials, GRP; breaks, osmosis and cover with gel coat. Iron; rust and galvanic corrosion. Alumino; galvanic corrosion. Wood; painted, caulked. Anti-fouling paints. Anodes Government state of the vessel. Sewage retention facility, obligation to declare delivery of oily waste. Garbage and its treatment.
- Cabuyers: Types of capes. Basic knots: plain, ballestrinque, guide ace. Adujar. Make firm on bitas and cleats.
- Basic knots: plain, guide ace, ballestrinque.
- Dock maneuvers: Precautions before leaving the mooring, wind and current. Evolutionary effect of the helix. Ciaboga, evolution ahead and behind, speed of security.
- Tethering berths: Control tidal height, wind and current. Choice of the ship's side Preparation of moorings on board. Placement of defenses and precautions to be tackled. Berth on the side and pointed. Moorings; long, through and spring.
6.- ANCHORING, SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL OF DEFEAT.
- Anchoring: factors of choice of landlord, anchorage probe, borneo, anchoring speed and approved. Chain length with respect to the sea bottom and conditions. Make the anchorage firm, boza. Garreo alarms and probe. Weigh.
- Precautions with bathers and divers: At the approach and exit of the anchorage.
- Surveillance and control of the defeat: Identification of marks and beacons. Rules of the RIPA. Circular control before a change of course. Control of delays of other vessels. Precautions in navigation with reduced visibility. Precautions in the use of the autopilot. How to take the waves
- Course and defeat: Reading the compass. Navigation with reference on land. Opposite course. Probe and slide control. Needle and true course, verifications in letter. Determination of the total correction by lineings. Identification of the coast and navigation hazards. Sailing Directions Notices to navigators.
- Position: Position for two simultaneous delays. Position in the GPS.
9.- SECURITY MANEUVERS.
- Man to water maneuver: Identification of fall risks. Launching of object simulating man overboard, collection exercise, approach maneuver controlling dejection, speed, etc. Importance of getting rid of the propeller to the shipwrecked person and not keeping it in sight. Case of not seeing the fall, the importance of the opposite course and the way to proceed. Precautions with hypothermia. Maneuver of man overboard with the MOB function.
- Trailers: Identification of faults that involve a trailer. Cane of respect. Precautions when approaching towing. Control of the state of the sea. Selection of the towline and its length. Choice of the firm of the boat. Precautions in the helicopter rescue, not touching the rescuer's line and not getting firm or entangled with the boat.